Papua New Guinea facts: Official web sites of Papua New Guinea, links and information on Papua New Guinea's art, culture, geography, history, travel and tourism, cities, the capital city, airlines, embassies, tourist boards and newspapers. Brief History of Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea is located on the eastern half of the island of New Guinea. Modern Papua New Guinea (1998) online; Primary sources. Spanish and Portuguese explorers came upon the islands in the 16th century. James Tanis won that election in December 2008 and served until the inauguration of John Momis, the winner of the 2010 elections. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville claimed some 20,000 lives. They had not progressed to any country on the southern watershed through which the early explorers and prospectors travelled to the Hagan Range and Wabag. Leahy and his brother Dan looked for gold and explored in the highlands for four years together with Patrol Officer James Taylor. Papua New Guinea (PNG) has 3 official main languages such as English, Hiri Motu, and Tok Pisin. It includes the eastern half of New Guinea and many small offshore islands. 2. Following the passage of the Papua Act in 1905, British New Guinea became the Territory of Papua, and formal Australian administration began in 1906, although Papua remained under their control as a British possession until the independence of Papua New Guinea in 1975.[4]. 2. There are hundreds of ethnic groups indigenous to Papua New Guinea; Papua New Guinea has a greater density of languages than any other nation on earth, except Vanuatu. Under legislation intended to enhance stability, new governments remain immune from no-confidence votes for the first 18 months of their incumbency. Thousands of local workers were hired as cheap labor on cocoa and copra plantations. [14] The Supreme Commander of operations was the United States General Douglas MacArthur, with Australian General Thomas Blamey taking a direct role in planning and operations being essentially directed by staff at New Guinea Force headquarters in Port Moresby. Active hostilities ended with a truce in October 1997 and a permanent ceasefire was signed in April 1998. Trek, Dive, Fish, Kayak, Swim, go on a Cultural Journey and More! The protectorate, called British New Guinea, was annexed outright on September 4, 1888. During their first expedition the Akmana Field Party prospected the tributaries of the Arrabundio and then trekked across a spur of the Central Mountain Range to sample the Upper Karrawaddi River. The first known Europeans to sight New Guinea were probably the Portuguese and Spanish navigators sailing in the South Pacific in the early part of the 16th century. The New Guinea campaign (1942-1945) was one of the major military campaigns of World War II. Here are some interesting facts for you. Congregations. The party returned to Madang, sailing for Sydney on 3 July 1930. They were descendants of migrants out of Africa, in one of the early waves of human migration. Although European navigators visited and explored the New Guinea islands for the next 170 years, we kept pretty much to ourselves until the late 19th century. The written history began when European navigators first sighted New Guinea in the early part of the 17th century. My wife and I are in Papua New Guinea right now. Recent archaeological research suggests that 50,000 years ago people may have occupied sites in the highlands at altitudes of up to 2,000 m (6,600 ft), rather than being restricted to warmer coastal areas.[3]. 8. A major migration of Austronesia speaking peoples came to our coastal regions roughly 2,500 years ago, along with the introduction of pottery, pigs, and certain fishing techniques. For many centuries red and black were the traditional colors used in the majority of native art work. [17][18], Numerous Chinese have worked and lived in Papua New Guinea, establishing Chinese-majority communities. According to a 2013 study conducted by The Lancet, 27% of men living on … A plethora of political parties, coalition governments, shifting party loyalties and motions of no confidence in the leadership all lend an air of instability to political proceedings. For a more general overview of the war see the Brief History of WWII e-text."] 1884 - Britain establishes a protectorate over south-east New Guinea, while Germany annexes the northern part of New Guinea. [16] The House of Assembly of Papua and New Guinea replaced the Legislative Council in 1963, and after elections on 15 February, opened on 8 June 1964. A referendum is scheduled to be held in June 2019. Most of West Papua, at that time known as Dutch New Guinea, was occupied, as were large parts of the Territory of New Guinea (the former German New Guinea, which was also under Australian rule after World War I), but Papua was protected to a large extent by its southern location and the near-impassable Owen Stanley Ranges to the north. A peace agreement between the Government and ex-combatants was signed in August 2001 on the condition that a referendum on Bougainville's political status would be held within twenty years. 'We made a peaceful entry into this new country, establishing a reputation for fair trade and decent behaviour ... but gold was our interest and we had traced the rivers and tributaries as far as practicable where conditions and results justified the effort and found nothing worthwhile. The possession was placed under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1902. Argonauts of the Western Pacific: An Account of Native Enterprise … Papua New Guinea’s magnificent and varied scenery reflects a generally recent geologic history in which movements of the Earth’s crust resulted in the collision of the northward-moving Australian Plate with the westward-moving Pacific Plate. Preparations were underway in 2015. Church members visited Papua New Guinea long before the first missionaries … Related Read: 13 Bhutan Facts: Interesting Trivia On Culture, History, Food & More. They prospected south along the Baiyer River to its junction with the Maramuni and Tarua Rivers, where they established a palisaded forward camp naming the place 'Akmana Junction.' Fact 4 It is one of the very few places on earth which lie close to the equator where places at higher altitudes experience snowfall. Take a tour of the relics and memories of World War II history through Kokopo and Rabaul in East New Britain. 8. Various nations from Oceania, including Australia and New Zealand, immediately sent aid to the country. Previous. Papua New Guinea became self-governing on 1 December 1973 and achieved independence on 16 September 1975. The protectorate, called British New Guinea, was annexed outright on 4 September 1888. 2. 2. On November 6, 1884, a British protectorate was proclaimed over the southern coast of New Guinea (the area called Papua) and its adjacent islands. Humans first came to the islands thousands of years ago. In the charter granted to this company by the German Imperial Government in May 1885, it was given the power to exercise sovereign rights over the territory and other "unoccupied" lands in the name of the government, and the ability to "negotiate" directly with the native inhabitants. Cash crops in Papua New Guinea include coffee, cacao, copra, palm oil, tea, and rubber; skyjack tuna, prawns, and timber are also exported. Population vs. Church Members. 41–9, Ernest Alfred Shepherd, "Akmana: A new name in the continuing story of New Guinea exploration" Pacific Islands Monthly April 1971 p. 49, Ernest Alfred Shepherd, "Akmana: A new name in the continuing story of New Guinea exploration" Pacific Islands Monthly April 1971 p.49. Papua New Guinea: A History of Our Times (2003) Zimmer-Tamakoshi, Laura. Index . In this country, women have the right to vote since 1964. Stakes. Papua New Guinea is possibly the worst place in the world in terms of ranking of violence against women. Shortly after the start of the Pacific War, the island of New Guinea was invaded by the Japanese. 2. As of October 2017 new groups of people occasionally are still contacted. Agriculture was independently developed in the New Guinea highlands around 7,000 BC, making it one of the few areas of original plant domestication in the world. Event of Interest. The Neu Guinea Kompanie paid for the local governmental institutions directly, in return for the concessions which had been awarded to it. During World War I, Papua New Guinea was occupied by Australia, which had begun administering British New Guinea, the southern part, as the re-named Papua in 1904. [15] Bitter fighting continued in New Guinea between the largely Australian force and the Japanese 18th Army based in New Guinea until the Japanese surrender in 1945. EARLY EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT OF PAPUA AND NEW GUINEA. Many of these people have been doers, not recorders of facts, with the result that our knowledge of the territory's exploration has not kept pace with the exploration itself.' Elections in 1972 resulted in the formation of a ministry headed by Chief Minister Michael Somare, who pledged to lead the country to self-government and then to independence. The government and rebels negotiated a peace agreement that established the Bougainville Autonomous District and Province. The bitter Battle of Buna-Gona followed in which Australian and United States forces attacked the main Japanese beachheads in New Guinea, at Buna, Sanananda and Gona. This difference in legal status meant that Papua and New Guinea had entirely separate administrations, both controlled by Australia. It is only bordered by Indonesia to the West. H. N. Nelson, 'Cleland, Sir Donald Mackinnon (1901–1975)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 13, Melbourne University Press, 1993, pp 440–441. The Commonwealth of Australia assumed a mandate from the League of Nations for governing the former German territory of New Guinea in 1920. A coalition, headed by Wingti, was victorious in very close elections in July 1987. Retracing their steps to the Arrabundio they then headed out across another spur of the Central Mountain Range to the Junction of the Yuat River with the Jimmi and Baiyer Rivers, again without finding gold in sufficient quantity. Seale presented two wigs to the National Museum Canberra in 1930.'[9]. He instituted the policy of ‘government by patrol’, which continued through the Australian period. Following the surrender of the Japanese in 1945, civil administration of Papua as well as New Guinea was restored, and under the Papua New Guinea Provisional Administration Act, 1945-46, Papua and New Guinea were combined in an administrative union to become the country of Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea is a biologically diverse country in the southwestern Pacific. According to the CIA World Factbook (2018), Papua New Guinea has an urban population of just 13.2%, which gives it the second lowest urban population percentage in the world behind Burundi’s 13%. The country joined the United Nations (UN) on 10 October 1975 by way of Security Council Resolution 375 and General Assembly resolution 3368. The 1977 national elections confirmed Michael Somare as Prime Minister at the head of a coalition led by the Pangu Party. New Guinea is the second largest island in the world after Greenland. Michael Leahy was an Australian prospector from rural Queensland who is known for making first contact with our highlands people in Papua New Guinea in 1932. A peace agreement between the Government and ex-combatants was signed in August 2001. Healthcare, water and sanitation, civil unrest and education are all behind this statistic. The rebellion began in early 1989, over opposition to the world’s largest open-cut copper mine, Panguna mine. Our ancient inhabitants are believed to have arrived in Papua New Guinea about 50-60,000 years ago from Southeast Asia during an Ice Age period when the sea was lower and distances between islands was shorter. The written history began when European navigators first sighted New Guinea in the early part of the 17th century. Elections in 1972 resulted in the formation of a ministry headed by Chief Minister Michael Somare, who pledged to lead the country to self-government and then to independence. The exploration of Papua–New Guinea has been a continuing process. The low-lying plains of southern New Guinea are geologically part of the Australian Plate. * Do not hesitate to comment and share the video. New Guinea was basically a business venture. It largely supplanted the previous staple, taro, and gave rise to a significant increase in population in the highlands. Visitor Centers. Many of these people have been doers, not recorders of facts, with the result that our knowledge of the territory's exploration has not kept pace with the exploration itself.'[6]. In 1914 when the First World War broke out Australia seized the German colony. The northern half of Papua New Guinea came into German hands in 1884 as German New Guinea. Facing tropical disease, difficult terrain and well constructed Japanese defences, the allies only secured victory with heavy casualties.[12]. From 1907 until his death in 1940, Papua was governed by Sir Hubert Murray with equal measures of paternalism and progressive th… In 1926 Freeman was near Marienberg with Ormildah drilling for oil; Shepherd was with Dr. Wade and R.J. Winters on their geological survey of an oil lease of 26,000 square kilometres (10,000 sq mi) in the Bogia and Nubio to Ramu region and up the Sepik River to Kubka 100 km (60 mi) above Ambunto. Papua New Guinea is one of the countries with the lowest … In July 1988, a no-confidence vote toppled Wingti and brought to power Rabbie Namaliu, who a few weeks earlier had replaced Somare as leader of the Pangu Party. In July 1988, a no-confidence vote toppled Wingti and brought to power Rabbie Namaliu, who a few weeks earlier had replaced Somare as leader of the Pangu Party. Show map Hide map. The exploration of Papua–New Guinea has been a continuing process. Papua New Guinea is one of the most rural countries in the world. Australia took control in the 1900s. La Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, en forme longue l' État indépendant de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, est un pays d' Océanie occupant la moitié orientale de l' île de Nouvelle-Guinée sur une superficie de 462 840 km2 (l'autre moitié, la Nouvelle-Guinée occidentale, étant sous souveraineté indonésienne). The Papua and New Guinea Act 1949 formally approved the placing of New Guinea under the international trusteeship system and confirmed the administrative union under the title of The Territory of Papua and New Guinea. New Guinea has been inhabited for some 10,000 years, but its recorded history began with the visits of Portuguese explorers in the early 16th century, followed by Dutch traders. Finally they prospected the Tarua River south past the tributary which flows to Waipai, once more without success and on the advice of mining engineer Seale, it was decided there was nothing to justify further exploration. Why not... Just kidding. Our ancient inhabitants are believed to have arrived in Papua New Guinea about 50-60,000 years ago from Southeast Asia during an Ice Age period when the sea was lower and distances between islands was shorter. Its neighbours include Indonesia to the west, Australia to the south and Solomon Islands to the south-east. Some 300 years ago, the sweet potato entered New Guinea with its far higher crop yields, transforming traditional agriculture. With Europe's growing desire for coconut oil, Godeffroy's of Hamburg, the largest trading firm in the Pacific, began trading for copra in the New Guinea Islands. Native resentment against Chinese ownership of numerous small businesses and their commercial monopoly in the islands led to the rioting. Today's video is about 5 Facts about Papua New Guinea. In all, some 200,000 Japanese soldiers, sailors and airmen died during the campaign against approximately 7,000 Australian and 7,000 American service personnel. This is much higher than the global average and causes a large percentage of hospital deaths for children under five. Family History Centers. In November 1985, the Somare government lost another vote of no confidence, and the parliamentary majority elected Paias Wingti, at the head of a five-party coalition, as prime minister. These two went on to make the award winning documentary, First Contact. Following the passage of the Papua Act of 1905, British New Guinea became the Territory of Papua, and formal Australian administration began in 1906. With an average life expectancy of 62.9 years, the nation is ranked 157 out of 187 countries on the Human Development Index. Chinese merchants became established in the islands before European exploration. It was administered under this mandate until the Japanese invasion in December 1941 brought about the suspension of Australian civil administration. However, his government lost a vote of confidence in 1980 and was replaced by a new cabinet headed by Sir Julius Chan as prime minister. Papua New Guinean History. History. Cleland remained in the position till his retirement in 1967, then remaining in Port Moresby until his death in 1975. Papua New Guinea Profile ; History ; Australia and New Zealand Help Manage Election In early June 2012, Australia and New Zealand sent troops to Papua New Guinea to help keep order in general elections. Under legislation intended to enhance stability, new governments remain immune from no-confidence votes for the first 18 months of their incumbency. A number of Portuguese and Spanish navigators sailing in the South Pacific in the early 16th century were probably the first Europeans to sight Papua New Guinea. 81. Explorer and Pirate William Dampier. New Guinea (as it used to be known), one of the first landmasses after Africa and Eurasia to be populated by modern humans, had its first migration at about the same time as Australia, placing us alongside one of the oldest continuous cultures on the planet. Australia administered it separately under the Papua Act until it was invaded by the Empire of Japan in 1941, and civil administration suspended. Home; Countries; Papua New Guinea; Historical Events. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville claimed some 20,000 lives. There also are indications of neolithic gardening having been practiced at Kuk at the same time that agriculture was developing in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Papua is probably derived from the Malay word papuwah ("fuzzy hair"). [citation needed], From February to March 2018, a chain of earthquakes hit Papua New Guinea, causing various damages. As part of the current peace settlement, a referendum on independence is planned to be held in Bougainville sometime before mid-2020. Why? The possession was placed under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1902. Papua was administered under the Papua Act until World War II, when Japanese forces invaded the northern parts of the islands in 1941 and began to advance on Port Moresby, suspending civil administration. Internal transport consists of a few secondary coastal roads, riverboats, and airways, with the latter becoming increasingly important. From July 1942, a few Australian reserve battalions, many of them very young and untrained, fought a stubborn rearguard action against a Japanese advance along the Kokoda Track, towards Port Moresby, over the rugged Owen Stanley Ranges. Gain permission to visit the archaeological sites at Kuk Valley, in Western Highlands, the first place on earth to cultivate land for gardening. When Europeans first arrived, inhabitants of New Guinea and nearby islands, whose technologies included bone, wood, and stone tools, had a productive agricultural system. Current records at the Australian Museum show that Beazley's wig, described as "a cap composed of human hair from the headwaters of the U–at River, Central Mountains, Mandated Territory of NG", was lodged on 31 January 1930, presumably on his quick visit to Sydney after the first expedition. [1][2] They came probably by sea from Southeast Asia during an Ice Age period when the sea was lower and distances between islands shorter. Important and Interesting Facts about Papua New Guinea #amazing #papua #new-guinea #facts New Guinea is one of the largest islands in the world. The plantations were given to Australian war veterans and in 1921 the League of Nations gave Australia a trusteeship over New Guinea. It is mainly mountainous but has low-lying plains in southern New Guinea. New Guinea and some of Papua were invaded by Japanese forces in 1942. PAPUA NEW GUINEA’S EARLY HISTORY. Missions | 12 Districts. 30,825. The 1982 elections increased Pangu's plurality, and parliament again chose Somare as Prime Minister. In 1545, a Spanish explorer called the island Nueva Guinea.In 1884, the western half of New Guinea was officially recognized as Dutch New Guinea, the northeastern section became German New Guinea, and the southeastern quarter became British New Guinea. The rebellion began in early 1989, active hostilities ended with a truce in October 1997 and a permanent ceasefire was signed in April 1998. He was succeeded by his deputy John Tabinaman as acting president while an election to fill the unexpired term was organised. Indonesia supported the bid after Papua New Guinea supported Indonesia's hold on its Papua region. The New Guinea campaign was a major campaign of the Pacific War. A regional peace-monitoring force and a UN observer mission monitors the government and provincial leaders who have established an interim administration and are working toward complete surrender of weapons, the election of a provincial government and an eventual referendum on independence. In 1899, the German imperial government assumed direct control of the territory, thereafter known as German New Guinea. They were beaten back by the Australian Army, and the Battle of Milne Bay is remembered as the first outright defeat on Japanese land forces during World War II. [21][22], Exploration of Mandated Territory of New Guinea, Ernest Alfred Shepherd, 'Akmana: A new name in the continuing story of New Guinea exploration' "Pacific Islands Monthly" April 1971 pp. Crops include coconuts, bananas, sweet potatoes, and oil palm fruit. The incumbent Prime Minister, Peter O’Neill, came into office in 2011. The Spaniard Yñigo Ortiz de Retez applied the term "New Guinea" to the island in 1545 because of a perceived resemblance between the islands' inhabitants and those found on the African Guinea coast. PAPUA NEW GUINEA, OCCUPATION AND WORLD WARS. In 1972, the name of the territory was changed to Papua New Guinea. In 1526–1527 the Portuguese explorer Jorge de Menezes accidentally came upon the principal island and is credited with naming it "Papua", after a Malay word for the frizzled quality of Melanesian people's hair. Much of the Territory of New Guinea, including the islands of Bougainville and New Britain, was occupied by Japanese forces before being recaptured by Australian and American forces during the final months of the war (see New Guinea campaign). It also has a coastline along the Bismarck Sea to the north, Solomon Sea to the east and Coral Sea to the south. There was little economic activity in Papua. Beazley was drilling test sites for oil with Matahower in the lower Sepik and he and McGregor recruited labour on the Sepik and explored grass country to Wee Wak. The New Guinea campaign opened with the battles for New Britain and New Ireland in the Territory of New Guinea in 1942. Archaeological evidence indicates that humans first arrived in Papua New Guinea around 42,000 to 45,000 years ago. Approximately 216,000 Japanese, Australian and American soldiers, sailors and airmen died during the New Guinea Campaign. 71 Branches. Today's staples – sweet potatoes and pigs – were later arrivals, but shellfish and fish have long been mainstays of coastal dwellers' diets. The mission's report, The Economic Development of the Territory of Papua New Guinea, published in 1964, set out the framework upon which much of later economic policy, up to and beyond independence, proceeded. The Country Is Highly Unsafe For Women . However, with a diverse group of ethnicity scattered to its 600 islands, it has over 850 distinct languages. In 1914, Australian troops occupied German New Guinea, and it remained under Australian military control until 1921. Welcome in Papua New Guinea. The Administration of Papua became open to United Nations oversight. 1700-02-27 English explorer William Dampier is the 1st British person to visit the Pacific Island of New Britain, which he names. As of October 2017 new groups of people occasionally are still contacted. Don Jorge de Meneses, a Portuguese explorer, is credited with the European discovery of the principal island of Papua New Guinea in around 1526-27. Two of them went to The Australian Museum, Sydney (from Beazley and Shepherd). In the many years since, there have been quite a few reports of prospecting parties in the area. The plantations and gold mining generated a degree of prosperity.[5]. In 1975 Papua New Guinea gained independence. In mid February 1930 the second expedition quickly returned to their Mountain Base and on across the mountains to the junction of the Yuat with the Baiyer and Jimmi Rivers. 9. They traded along the coast (mainly in pottery, shell ornaments and foodstuffs) and in the interior (exchanging forest products for shells and other sea products). In 1883, the Colony of Queensland tried to annex the southern half of eastern New Guinea, but the British government did not approve. all Country Flags here! Australia's change of policy towards Papua New Guinea largely commenced with the invitation from the Australian Government to the World Bank to send a mission to the Territory to advise on measures to be taken towards its economic development and political preparation. Papua New Guinea is an island country that lies in the south-western Pacific. However, when Germany began settlements in the north a British protectorate was proclaimed in 1884 over the southern coast of New Guinea and its adjacent islands. Papua New Guinea has failed to meet the Millennium Development Goals. A list of tour operators and travel agents who can arrange Historic Tours. Papua New Guinea also produces coffee, cocoa, and wood products. An exception is the record of the Akmana Gold Prospecting Company's Field Party which carried out two expeditions from September to December 1929 and from mid February to the end of June 1930. The British Government, on behalf of the Commonwealth of Australia, assumed a mandate from the League of Nations for governing the Territory of New Guinea in 1920. Hi guys. They had all served overseas during World War I with the AIF on the western front, in Egypt and the Levant and had previously been to New Guinea. The 1977 national elections confirmed Michael Somare as Prime Minister at the head of a coalition led by the Pangu Party. [19][20] On the same year, Papua New Guinea asked various southeast Asian nations for their support for Papua New Guinea's full membership bid in the ASEAN. Papua New Guinea is one of, if not the most, heterogeneous nations in the world. History of Papua New Guinea. The country has several active volcanoes. The wigs at The Australian Museum were later confused with some brought out of the Highlands 10 years afterwards by Jim Taylor during his Hagen–Sepik patrol, and wrongly attributed to him when put on display. Papua New Guinea only gained independence from Australia in 1975. Australia granted limited home rule in 1951. Fact 3 By 2013 figures, the Papua New Guinea population stands just above 7 million but over 850 indigenous languages are spoken here. New Guinea was possibly occupied as early as 50,000 years ago. Independence from Australia was obtained on September 16, 1975. Rabaul, the capital of the Territory was overwhelmed on 22–23 January and was established as a major Japanese base from whence they landed on mainland New Guinea and advanced towards Port Moresby and Australia. It is home to the world’s most number of spoken languages estimated to over 850. As of 2018, almost half of the children in Papua New Guinea suffered from chronic malnutrition. Papua New Guinea Click here for the Pacific Newsroom. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Pacific Islands home front during World War II, Papua New Guinea Provisional Administration Act, House of Assembly of Papua and New Guinea, chain of earthquakes hit Papua New Guinea, "Dating the colonization of Sahul (Pleistocene Australia–New Guinea): a review of recent research", "Peopling of Sahul: mtDNA Variation in Aboriginal Australian and Papua New Guinean Populations", "Early humans lived in PNG highlands 50,000 years ago", http://ajrp.awm.gov.au/ajrp/remember.nsf/Web-Printer/C6FD73CC5C579789CA256AC000135979?OpenDocument, http://www.awm.gov.au/units/event_291.asp, http://www.awm.gov.au/units/event_340.asp, http://www.awm.gov.au/units/event_345.asp, http://www.awm.gov.au/wartime/23/new-guinea-offensive/, Australia's interest in Bougainville's independence is far from locals' wishes", Bougainville makes first preparations for referendum, "Looters shot dead amid chaos of Papua New Guinea's anti-Chinese riots", "Papua New Guinea earthquake: UN pulls out aid workers from violence-hit region", "Papua New Guinea earthquake: anger grows among 'forgotten victims, U.S. State Department Background Note: Papua New Guinea, The Royal Papua and New Guinea Constabulary a Pictorial History Web Page 1885-1975, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Papua_New_Guinea&oldid=987466501, Articles needing additional references from February 2007, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 06:49. , there have been quite a few reports of Prospecting parties in the early part of the of! 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