Occasional splashes of blood red and sky blue add emphasis and drama.Use of light: Delacroix always had an interesting approach to lighting. As news spread to the Sultan about a possible conspiracy against his Empire he turned against the island.The Sultan sent a Turkish fleet to destroy the island and its locals and so began the massacre which included two weeks of murder, torture and rape. The Turkish completely destroyed Chios, leaving it completely burnt to the ground.News of the massacre spread to Europe igniting many protests and inspiring artists to focus on this subject matter in their work. The island, a few kilometres from the mainland of Asia Minor in the eastern Aegean , and the supposed birthplace of the ancient poet Homer , had become the scene of one of the bloodiest episodes of the Greek War of … The awful event shocked several European countries and forced ancient superpowers to help Greece become an independent country. The Massacres at Chios was a 19th century war of independence fought by the Greeks against the Turks, interested Eugene Delacroix. The bodies are painted in a classical style, their proportions close to real life but slightly idealized.The theme of the painting is based on a real life event that had occurred two years prior to the completion of this work. The influence of his greatest idol, Michelangelo, can be seen in the forlorn figures of the Massacres at Chios; Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery. He was particularly fond of the genre of history painting and most likely hoped that this painting would help document such an unforgettable episode.Brushstroke: Delacroix uses a quick, blurred brushstroke, creating the impression of desolation. As word of the massacre of the people of Chios spread to Europe, many Europeans were infuriated at the injustice. Eugene Delacroix was 26 years old when he painted the Massacres at Chios; Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery in 1824. Phaidon Press Limited, 1995 • Jobert, Barthélémy. The Massacre at Chios (French: Scène des massacres de Scio) is the second major oil painting by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.The work is more than four meters tall, and shows some of the horror of the wartime destruction visited on the Island of Chios in the Chios massacre. It seems unfathomable that such tragedy could actually be real life, as he paints the Massacre of Chios like an illusionary nightmare. [1] Greeks from neighbouring islands arrived on Chios and encouraged the Chians to join the struggle for independence. He exemplifies the haughty pride of the conquerors in contrast to the horror and despair of the innocent Greeks. ‘Massacre of Chios (Study)’ was created in c.1820 by Eugene Delacroix in Orientalism style. Princeton University Press, 1997 • Johnson, Dorothy. Most Greek towns and islands had risen and were fighting for freedom. The artist focused only on the disaster, while the canvas was void of glory or victory. Find more prominent pieces of history painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. Wrestling with the Angel: The Mystery of Delacroix's Mural. The Chios massacre was the killing of tens of thousands of Greeks on the island of Chios by Ottoman troops during the Greek War of Independence in 1822. Approximately three-quarters of … Chios for thousands of years was prominent in trade and diplomacy throughout the Black Sea, the Aegean, and the Mediterranean. New York Press, 1963 • Kauffman, Jean-Paul. The Chios massacre of 1822 was perhaps the worst atrocity carried out by the Ottomans against Greeks during the War of Independence. The work is more than thirteen feet high, and shows some of the horror of the wartime destruction visited on the Island of Chios.A frieze-like display of suffering characters, military might, ornate and colourful costumes, terror, disease and death is shown in front of a scene of widespread desolation. The Chios massacre of 1822 was perhaps the worst atrocity carried out by the Ottomans against Greeks during the War of Independence. Most Greek towns and islands had risen and were fighting for freedom. In response, Ottoman troops landed on the island and slaughtered thousands. Volunteer groups sent money and weapons and some Westerners even joined the Greeks in their fight against the Ottomans.In the Massacres at Chios; Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery, Delacroix romanticizes the aftermath of the revolt. During the Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution, against the Ottoman Empire 120,000 inhabitants of the island Chios suffered tremendous brutality. The work is more than thirteen feet high, and shows some of the horror of the wartime destruction visited on the Island of Chios. The majority of the canvas is covered in muted colors to evoke a somber mood. Hand-painted oil painting reproduction of The Massacre at Chios by Eugene Delacroix - museum quality oil painting on artist grade canvas. This event was a… Delacroix. When The Massacre at Chios was displayed in 1824 at the Salon it was hung in the same room as a painting by Ingre leading to great rivalry and fame. Scenes from The Massacre At Chios by Eugène Delacroix, first exhibited in 1824, two years after the massacre, and bought by King Charles X for The Louvre in Paris. To Delacroix Ingre's colours were just 'icing on a hardbaked cake' and to Ingre The Massacre at Chios was modern art's 'fever and epilepsy'. The University of North Carolina Press, 2011 • Johnson, Lee. Note that at the time of writing, I didn’t have access to high-resolution photos of the work, so figures who I talk about below that appear dead may not, in detail views, seem dead. For nearly four centuries the Greeks has been under occupation by the Turks but it wasn't until 1822 that the Greeks decided to fight for freedom.The island of Chios had its own dealing with the Sultan, making their part in the revolt a particularly brutal and unfair attack. The work is more than four meters tall, and shows some of the horror of the wartime destruction visited on the Island of Chios in the Chios massacre. This was a clear attack of Muslims against Christians. Scenes from The Massacre At Chios by Eugène Delacroix, first exhibited in 1824, two years after the massacre, and bought by King Charles X for The Louvre in Paris. Massacres at Chios Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery. Many islanders also decided to join the revolution.However, the vast majority of the population had by all accounts done nothing to provoke the massacre, and had not joined other Greeks in their revolt against the Ottoman Empire. Donate or volunteer today! Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. David to Delacroix: The Rise of Romantic Mythology (Bettie Allison Rand Lectures in Art History). A Warning To Anyone Planning To Visit Chios. The oil painting The Massacre at Chios, exhibited in the Salon of 1824, is the second major work by Eugene Delacroix, the first being Dante and Virgil Crossing the Styx exhibited in 1822. ς Χίου, Griekse uitspraak: [i sfaˈʝi tis ˈçi.u]) was de moord op tienduizenden Grieken op het eiland Chios door Ottomaanse troepen tijdens de Griekse Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog in 1822. Up Next. Estimates of the number of those slaughtered ran upward of 50,000, with an equal number enslaved. This emphasis on the individual is reflected in the ideas of self-realization through the act of contemplating nature.There is the idea that the individual can only directly understand nature, free from society. Find more prominent pieces of history painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. Though the stories are different, in both canvases Delacroix explores his raw and unfiltered approach to recounting history.Works by other artists: Victor Hugo, also outraged by the unfair brutality of the Chios massacre wrote a poem entitled, "L'Enfant de Chios" which translates as, The Child of Chios. The cost of war: Delacroix, Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi. The Massacre at Chios by Eugene Delacroix Courtesy of www.Eugene-Delacroix.com. Events & Massacres of 1822. This and the works of Lord Byron did much to draw the attention of mainland Europe to the 'katastrophe' that had taken place on Chios. The Massacres at Chios was a 19th century war of independence fought by the Greeks against the Turks, interested Eugene Delacroix.As it was a contemporary event, it was important for him to document it on canvas and so he painted it on his own accord and not because it was commissioned. The Massacre of Chios in 1822 (constellations) During the year 1822, European capitals were inundated with reports about a massacre of the Christian population of Chios . It was in that year the Ottoman forces attacked the people of Chios and it is the horror and consequent suffering from this event that the painting depicts. The work is more than four meters tall, and shows some of the horror of the wartime destruction visited on the Island of Chios in the Chios massacre. The Chios Massacre refers to the slaughter of tens of thousands of Greeks on the island of Chios by Ottoman troops during the Greek War of Independence in 1822.1 Greeks from neighbouring islands arrived on Chios and encouraged the Chians to join the struggle for independence. Other works by DelacroixThe Death of Sardanapalus,1827: Delacroix often painted themes of a violent, dramatic nature. “The Chios Massacre” is a time in infamy that many in the so-called modern world would like to conveniently forget. Today, The Massacre at Chios is considered as a masterpiece and a universal work that well-exemplifies the contrast between the haughty pride of conquerors and the despair of Greeks. The Massacre at Chios has long been one of my favorite paintings, and a recent post by a blog I frequent brought the painting, and thus this essay excerpt, back into my mind. The nature of his talent is evident in the unity he achieved in his expression of the haughty pride of the conquerors, the horror as… (3.92 x 4.96m) (Musée du Louvre, Paris) Speakers: Drs. The Massacre of Chios, meant that Delacroix was now a rising star.Posthumous reception: The response to the work was slightly more favorable after the artist's death but it didn't receive the credit it deserved until much later on.Modern day reception: Critics of today perceive Massacres at Chios; Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery as a masterpiece and a universal work. As Neoclassical artists focused on properly accounting history through close attention to detail, Romantic artists flirted with themes of man's self glorification, man's part in nature, divinity found in nature, and emotion.Romanticism emphasizes the individual sense of self, creativity, imagination, and the value of art to make a statement. Now the islanders on Chios are asked to join the rebellion against the Ottoman Empire. The Massacre at Chios (French: Scène des massacres de Scio) is the second major oil painting by the French artist Eugène Delacroix. Eugène Delacroix, The Death of Sardanapalus, 1827, oil on canvas, 12 ft 10 in x 16 ft 3 in. The Massacre of Chios: The Massacre of Chios remains a bloody and glorious event in the history of modern Greece. His masterful brushwork gives the overall canvas a desolate, desperate feeling.Known as a "master of color," Delacroix became a pupil of the English Romantic landscapists and extracted from their techniques, to develop a unique and memorable approach to color.The impact of literature and both historical and contemporary events, coupled with his innate artistic technique created an explosive viewing experience on canvas, as seen in Massacres at Chios; Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery.Delacroix's work changed the art world forever and his technique had a lasting impact on the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist movements such as van Gogh and Cezanne.Today, he is remembered as one of the world's most influential French Romantic painters and his expertise and genius is fully recognized and appreciated by modern day art critics. ς", Christopher Long (1998–1999): The Massacres of Chios, Events & Massacres of 1822, The Open University: Massacres of Chios – Challenging the Establishment, Christopher A. Such destruction is seen not only in The Massacres at Chios; Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery but also in The Death of Sardanapalus. Delacroix. In March 1821, under about 4 centuries of occupation, Greece had revolted against the Ottoman Empire. This and the works of Lord Byron did much to draw the attention of mainland Europe to the 'katastrophe' that had taken place on Chios. The World of Delacroix: 1798-1863. They admire the Romantic historical painting and his courage to unabashedly show such a detailed encounter of such a recent tragedy. … BiblioBazaar, 2009 • Gombrich, E. H. The Story of Art. The massacre of Christians provoked international outrage and led to increasing support for the Greek cause worldwide. Documentation: French writer Stendahl (Henri Beyle) evaluated Delacroix’s Massacre at Chios when he saw it at the 1824 Salon: “With the best will in the world, I can’t admire M. Delacroix and his Massacre at Chios.This work always makes me think of a picture originally intended to represent a plague, which the artist then turned into a Massacre at Chios after reading the newspaper reports. Greeks from neighbouring islands had arrived on Chios and encouraged the Chians to join their revolt. The Massacre of Chios: The Massacre of Chios remains a bloody and glorious event in the history of modern Greece. The Massacre of Chios in 1822 (constellations) During the year 1822, European capitals were inundated with reports about a massacre of the Christian population of Chios . Delacroix was among the many influential figures to pay respect to the people of Chios and he wanted to document this event, as historical paintings were important to him.Composition: The figures of the dead create a strong horizontal bar across the center of the canvas. He exhibited this painting at the 1824 Salon. Their faces are not easy to make out.The faces and bodies of the dead, on the other hand, are highlighted, emphasizing the turmoil and fright felt by the victims.Tone elicited: If one looks at the expressions of fear and despair on the faces of the inhabitants of Chios, it is clear that Delacroix wanted to show the shear brutality and injustice of this event. Almost 90,000 people were killed, 50,000 enslaved and 25,000 exiled.The 2,000 remaining inhabitants survived by hiding in caves or leaving the island by sea. In March 1822, as the Greek revolt gathered strength on the mainland, several hundred armed Greeks from the neighbouring island of Samos landed in Chios. By this time he had begun to receive notoriety as a young artist after exhibiting Dante and Virgil in Hell just two years earlier at the Salon of 1822.As this work was not commissioned, it is clear that Delacroix felt a personal duty to record the brutal attack on the Greeks by the Turks during the Greek war for independence.He keeps the composition straightforward, and gets his point across through somber colors and striking use of light. Greeks from neighbouring islands had arrived on Chios and encouraged the Chians to join their revolt. The Massacre at Chios (French: Scène des massacres de Scio) is the second major oil painting by the French artist Eugène Delacroix. While the massacre on Chios was an immense tragedy, it represented a Many critics admire this Romantic historical painting and Delacroix’s courage to unabashedly show the tragedy in such a detailed manner. The details of the infant clutching his dead mother's breast, although powerful, caused many to deem his work unfit.Regardless of this reception, the government awarded Delacroix a medal and also purchased the painting. Part ll The Greek War of Independence has already started. Villages were burned and churches were set alight. Their decision is a difficult one but, within months, they find they have run out of time. They were … The result was a massacre; the Turks killed randomly and rampantly, enslaving those Chians who survived. The Massacre at Chios 1824 Oil on canvas, 419 x 354 cm Musée du Louvre, Paris: A spectacular illustration of the enthusiasm aroused amongst the romantic youth by the revolt of the Greeks against the Turks, the Massacre at Chios was directly inspired by the savage Turkish repression of the population of the island of Chios in April 1822. In March 1822, several hundred armed Greeks from the neighbouring island of Samos landed in Chios. Eugene Delacroix paints with the realism of the great masters. ς Χίου, Greek pronunciation: [i sfaˈʝi tis ˈçi.u]) was the killing of tens of thousands of Greeks on the island of Chios by Ottoman troops during the Greek War of Independence in 1822. Other articles where The Massacre at Chios is discussed: Eugène Delacroix: Development of mature style: …exhibited at the Salon the Massacre at Chios, a large canvas depicting the dramatic contemporary massacre of Greeks by Turks on the island of Chios. This piece was 164 x 139 inches, making it another large scale oil on canvas painting, and Delacroix’s second major artwork. Chios Massacre. Tate Publishing, 2003 • Prideaux, Tom. A Warning To Anyone Planning To Visit Chios. In response, Ottoman troops landed on the island and slaughtered thousands. The Massacre at Chios is one of the major oil painting by the French artist Eugène Delacroix. The awful event shocked several European countries and forced ancient superpowers to help Greece become an independent country. The cost of war: Delacroix, Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi. Thoughts towards the revolt shifted after a troop of revolutionaries from another island came to Chios and encourages its inhabitants to participate. The Chios Massacre refers to the slaughter of tens of thousands of Greeks on the island of Chios by Ottoman troops during the Greek War of Independence in 1822. In March 1821, under about 4 centuries of occupation, Greece had revolted against the Ottoman Empire. The Massacre at Chios was one of the artist's most significant works. Rei… In response, Ottoman troops landed on the island and killed thousands. Beth Harris and Steven Zucker Chios for thousands of years was prominent in trade and diplomacy throughout the Black Sea, the Aegean, and the Mediterranean. When Eugene Delacroix first exhibited Massacres at Chios; Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery at the 1824 Salon, he received a great deal of attention. Crossing the Channel: British and French Painting in the Age of Romanticism. To find out more about Delacroix and his work please refer to the recommended reading list below.• Bussy, Dorothy. Though many Greek towns and islands had joined the fight for freedom instantly, Chios showed reluctance to join the revolt.Chios gained much prosperity through centuries of trade with the Empire, benefited by the Sultan and the Turkish government. Scene of the Massacre at Chios is another one of Delacroix’s earlier works. In recognition of Chios central economic role, the Ottoman Empire allowed Chios almost complete control over its internal affairs as Chios’ trade and the very highly-value… The Massacre at Chios is the second major oil painting by the French artist Eugène Delacroix. Eugene Delacroix. “The Chios Massacre” is a time in infamy that many in the so-called modern world would like to conveniently forget. The Massacre at Chios has long been one of my favorite paintings, and a recent post by a blog I frequent brought the painting, and thus this essay excerpt, back into my mind. They began the fight for independence from foreign rule and started attacking the Turks, who retreated to the citadel. The Battle of Taillebourg won by Saint Louis. During the Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution, against the Ottoman Empire 120,000 inhabitants of the island Chios suffered tremendous brutality. The eye is free to move across each catastrophe whether it be from the dying couple or the baby clinging to his dead mother.Another group in the background struggles to protect their lives just subtle enough not to distract attention from the main focus of the piece.Color palette: The colors of the Massacres at Chios; Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery are very close in tone. Delacroix, Scene of the Massacre at Chios. Chios is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, and the Chios Massacre describes the killing of tens of thousands of Greeks on the island by Ottoman troops during the Greek War of Independence in 1824. He developed his own personal style, with an affinity for showing pain and suffering in his work through brightly colored canvases. Chios is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, and the Chios Massacre describes the killing of tens of thousands of Greeks on the island by Ottoman troops during the Greek War of Independence in 1824. The Massacre at Chios: Russell Jesse: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. Eugène Delacroix, Scene of the Massacre at Chios by Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker Eugène Delacroix, Scene of the Massacre at Chios; Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery , 1824, oil on canvas, 164″ × 139″ / 419 cm × 354 cm (Musée du Louvre, Paris) Time Life Education, 1966, Greece Expiring on the Ruins of Missolonghi, The Taking of Constantinople by the Crusaders (April 12 1204), Massacres at Chios Greek Families Awaiting Death or Slavery Page's Content. Though critics couldn't understand his raw approach to such a gruesome scene, this work gained the attention of the French government and more critics to come.Contemporary reception: Delacroix's depiction of suffering caused some controversy among critics. He tended to leave a majority of the canvas in a mysterious half shadow while illuminating certain figures. Delacroix, both attracted to the dramatic and recording real life events, painted a romanticized version of the after-effects of the slaughter. They began destroying mosques and attacking the Turks, who retreated to the citadel.Many islanders also decided to join the Revolution. The piece itself features a scene of misery and pain, showing the events of the Chios Massacre. Chios (Grieks: Χίος) is een Grieks eiland en periferie-district (perifereiaki enotita) in de oostelijke Egeïsche Zee en onderdeel van de regio Noord-Egeïsche Eilanden.De hoofdstad is de stad Chios en Chios had 53.408 inwoners (2001).. Het eiland ligt acht kilometer van de Turkse kust en zo'n vijf kilometer van de tot Turkije behorende Paspargos-eilanden. Two of the murderers, just to the left behind the pile of dead people, are hidden in a dark shadow. Romanticism is sometimes viewed as a reaction to its more serious predecessor, the Neoclassical movement. This was a clear attack of Muslims against Christians. As it was a contemporary event, it was important for him to document it on canvas and so he painted it on his own accord and not because it was commissioned.Greece had been under occupation for nearly four centuries before revolting against the Ottoman Empire in 1821. In April, 1822, a horrible massacre took place on the Greek island of Chios. Grieken van naburige eilanden waren op Chios aangekomen en moedigden de Chiërs aan om zich bij hun opstand aan te sluiten. Today, the sophisticated modern liberal mind would like to think nothing of the sort ever happened but that only in a degraded capitalist society can discrimination exist. Chios joined the revolt later than the rest of Greece, and the Sultan finding out about their revolt conspiracy sent troops to kill, rape and enslave the inhabitants of the island.The attack was so brutal, it left the island in burnt ruins and the majority of its citizen dead. Approximately … Peace and salvation come through the individual rather than through political movements.Romantic painters like Delacroix were part of a complex multimedia philosophical movement, involving the literary, visual, and intellectual arts.Eugene Delacroix fine-tuned Romanticism, incorporating the influences of great masters such as Michelangelo and Peter Paul Rubens. The Harvill Press, 2003 • Noon, Patrick, et al. Long – The Series of Events, Republican French rule in the Ionian Islands, Imperial French rule in the Ionian Islands, The Reception of Lord Byron at Missolonghi, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chios_massacre&oldid=987852837, Massacres committed by the Ottoman Empire, Persecution of Greeks in the Ottoman Empire before the 20th century, Articles with dead external links from July 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing ambiguous dates from March 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2020, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 16:59. Today, the sophisticated modern liberal mind would like to think nothing of the sort ever happened but that only in a degraded capitalist society can discrimination exist. Still, the medal did not reflect the government's favorable agreement with the subject matter, but rather its acknowledgement of the artist's achievements. Free Shipping. ‘Massacre of Chios (Study)’ was created in c.1820 by Eugene Delacroix in Orientalism style. It had a somber tone to it, as dying and famished Greek civilians were presented as they were to be slaughtered violently by the Turks. In April, 1822, a horrible massacre took place on the Greek island of Chios. Delacroix’S earlier works Harvill Press, 2011 • Johnson, Lee fight for independence from rule... Independent country style, with an equal number enslaved European countries and forced ancient superpowers to Greece. Chios like an illusionary nightmare refer to the citadel.Many islanders also decided to join their revolt to massacre at chios,. Cause worldwide revolted against the Ottoman Empire revolted against the Ottoman Empire at Chios Greek Families Awaiting Death Slavery. 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