So I have an abnormally large number of dragonfly larvae in my 200 gallon fancy guppy pond. Some of the oldest known insects, dragonflies provide a hugely beneficial component to your garden. The shed, empty skins (exoskeletons) of larval dragonflies are left behind after the mature dragonfly emerges and flies away. A pond with a healthy proportion of fish relative to its size should be sufficient to support both your established fish population and the aquatic dragonfly nymphs. The eyes are compound, large, adjoin each other and nearly cover the head. Abdomen often rounded or oval, segmented, often with 5 wedge-shaped or pointed structures at the hind end. Dragonfly nymphs are usually located on underwater foliage, according to the National Wildlife Federation, so taking these plants out can help, too. Dragonfly larvae (nymphs) can spend months or even years living in the water before emerging as adults. The wings are membranous and elaborately veined. Some types of odonates are also found in faster currents. Pumping the water breaks the surface tension, and the larvae cannot maintain a connection. They breathe by drawing water in and out of their hind end. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. After breeding the female dragonfly will lay her eggs on or near water or in a place that will fill with water. Adult male dragonflies commonly perch on branches or other objects, patrolling their territories, driving away rival males and attempting to mate with females. If your soil is high in clay content, you may not need a liner as long as you compact the soil with pounding. Adult dragonflies have slender, elongated abdomens, robust bodies, and 2 pairs of wings that are usually outstretched horizontally. At this stage, it is an aquatic larvae, also called a ‘nymph‘. So, adding a pond or other water feature will be essential in attracting dragonflies. Dragonflies use water throughout their life cycle. It's easy to see the two scooplike halves of the jaws on this dragonfly nymph. The antennae are short. with shallow, sloping sides allows a place to plant water-loving vegetation. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. They mostly prefer the areas where the water is still or slowly moving. The hindwing is wider at the base than the forewing. Dragonfly and damselfly larvae need to leave the pond water to emerge as adults They need to be in dry conditions to open their wings as adults. However, shade on the west side of a pond can create good shade during the hottest part of the day. This provides a perch and warming station for adults. Don’t put fish in your pond, as they feed on nymphs and will hinder your efforts to support the dragonfly population. At this point, they will still be living in water, such as a pond … They are especially common near clumps of aquatic vegetation or submerged tree roots. Like adult dragonflies, juvenile dragonflies, called nymphs, are fierce predators — for their size. You should contact your local municipality to check on ordinances that dictate depth, fencing, etc. DO NOT add fish to your pond. A pond of this size will support all stages of dragonfly development. Dragonfly larvae (nymphs) can spend months or even years living in the water before emerging as adults. For smaller ponds, a depth of at least 2.5 feet should suffice and 4 feet for larger ponds (depending on your climate). Only 3% of the freshwater on Earth comes from ponds, lakes, and rivers. Dragonfly’s Habitat. Missouri's streams, lakes, and other aquatic habitats hold thousands of kinds of invertebrates — worms, freshwater mussels, snails, crayfish, insects, and other animals without backbones. The pond is best if positioned in a sunny location. Hine's emerald is Endangered in Missouri and is the only dragonfly that is Federally Endangered.