Lincoln (/ ˈ l ɪ ŋ k ə n /) is a cathedral city and county town of Lincolnshire in the East Midlands of England. Roman Lindum Colonia developed from an Iron Age settlement on the River Witham. Lincoln Castle the Roman Fortress. Lincoln Castle was one of the grandest of Norman castles. Between 1253 and 1280 the superb Angel Choir was built by Simon of Thirsk, in part to house a shrine to Hugh of Avalon, who had been canonized as Great St Hugh. By the 15th century, the castle became unpopular with a reputation as being unfit for the royal leaders. The Normans originally built Tamworth castle in Staffordshire in 1070 but before that it was the site of a Saxon burh. Gallery. During the reign of Emperor Nero (58-68 AD), the Ninth Legion Hispana built the vast square fort on top of a hill above the River Witham. Industry Experts: Carol Ann Duffy. The Warwick castle was first built in 915 or 914 A.D by Ethelfleda to defend the city of Warwick against the Danish attacks. In its time, it has been a military fortification, a Victorian prison and is now home to Lincoln’s Crown Court – and the Magna Carta! Built by William the Conqueror in 1068 on a site occupied since Roman times, Lincoln Castle has dominated the Lincoln skyline for almost one thousand years. This honour, however, would be fairly short-lived. The Development of the Castle. It was rebuilt after 1192. This first cathedral was severely damaged by an earthquake, which hit Lincoln in 1185. Why was Lincoln Castle built? Berkhamsted Castle. This represented an amazing engineering feat for the time and a source of great pride for the powerful Bishops of Lincoln. Built in 1067 by Robert of Mortain, the Berkhamsted Castle is the oldest castle in England. Birthplace of the future King Henry IV in 1366. The reason is, when the castle was first built, the castle edges were built square. The early gaols at Lincoln Castle were run as businesses. The non-metropolitan district of Lincoln had a 2012 population of 94,600. The castle occupied what was the site of a former Roman fortress. So why are some of the edges round then? i have a gcse controlled assessment tomorrow on this question - 'in what ways has the creation and/or development of your site been influenced by the history of Britain during the period you have studied' I basically don't actually know anything (we haven't really been taught it very well and im seriously struggling! You can follow its history, just by looking at the buildings that occupy the Inner Bailey. Lincoln Castle: 1068: 166 houses were demolished in the city to make room for the new castle. The weight of the remaining towers and their spires caused them to lean, until about 1730 when the architect James Gibb created a Narthex at the West end, whose cross walls strengthened their support. Warwick Castle is a medieval castle developed from a wooden fort, originally built by William the Conqueror during 1068. Lincoln Castle sits on an old Roman settlement called Lindum. 27 houses were destroyed in the town to provide space for the castle. By the mid-nineteenth century this too was regarded as inadequate and a new facility was built but it was decommissioned after the Prison Act (1877). Dame Carol Ann Duffy is the first woman to hold the post of Poet Laureate in its nearly 350-year history, and was appointed in 2009 for a ten-year fixed term. The Lincoln Imp. A new tower with a spire replaced it. Pickering Castle was a motte-and-bailey castle built by the Normans as part of the suppression of Northern England. Lincoln Castle was built on high ground, about 60 meters above the surrounding land. The central tower of the new cathedral collapsed in 1237. A bed cost extra too! The 2011 census gave the urban area of Lincoln, which includes North Hykeham and Waddington, a population of 130,200. History . This location served to protect the great north road (Ermine Street), that linked London to York, via Lincoln. castle could be built very quickly, in some cases it only took a few days. Hugh's memorial can still be seen beneath the watchful gaze of the Lincoln Imp. It was regularly upgraded until the fourteenth century after which it was allowed to fall into ruin. In 1216, the castle was captured by Louis VIII and was owned by several members of the royal family in following years. View all events Did you know. A result of its role in history, the castle boasts numerous defences, including 2 - metre thick walls, a 7 - metre deep moat, two baileys and thick oak gates. During the English Civil War, the castle was "slighted", with the towers and walls being torn down and dumped into the moat to prevent further military use. 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