Your Name. Irrigation for Hing crops is required only during the process of germination. Seeds of the Hing plant should be selected properly to get a maximum yield. We aim to reach the readers with more crispness, preciseness and relevance. Ferula assa-foetida is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). The roots of the plants are exposed to the surface by cutting the plants very close to the roots which then secrets a milky juice from the cut area. Location where sun directly interacts with land is selected. New Delhi: Farmers of the Lahaul Valley in Himachal Pradesh have taken up cultivation of hing (asafoetida), primarily because of the efforts of the Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT), using the vast wasteland in the remote cold desert conditions of the region, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has said. If there is no moisture in the soil, irrigation or watering is done. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The Hing has an aromatic smell and it is used in cooking as it conveys a smooth flavour of leek to the food. The seeds must be implanted into the soil directly at the early spring season. 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The Hing is scientifically named as “Asafoetida”. Subscribe to Get Posts in E-Mail. Components of food (sweet, salty, sour and spicy) are harmonized by using Hing in food. The first seedling was planted by CSIR-IHBT director Sanjay Kumar at a farmer's field in Kwaring village of Lahaul Valley on October 15 to mark initiation of asafoetida cultivation in India. CSIR-IHBT has made relentless efforts to introduce the crop in the country. The hing is expected to be an Apiaceae (aromatic flowering species). Method of harvesting/tapping: The gum resin is obtained from incisions in the roots and rhizomes of the plants. The crop can be only grown in the drained out areas like deserts. Lack of planting material of Ferula assafoetida plants in India was a major bottleneck in the cultivation of this crop. Ideal growth conditions: Sandy soil, very little moisture and annual rainfall of not more than 200mm. It said Asafoetida is one of the top condiments and is a high-value spice crop in India. Hing Farming (Asafoetida), Cultivation Practices. This crop is expected to grow well in sandy areas and it is known to be grown by the Western botanists in the Aral desert region. The first cultivation of the Hing plant was started in the late 12th century. Get 1 Free Product Today All India Delivery Lowest prices. Asafoetida: A Bit of Botany a bit of botanical information about asafoetida description Ferula asafoetida is a monoecious, herbaceous, perennial plant of the family Umbelliferae, also called Apiaceae. Tag: Asafoetida Plant Cultivation In Tamilnadu. March and April are the best months for harvesting the crop. Regions with sandy soil, very little moisture and annual rainfall of not more than 200mm are considered conducive for heeng … He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. The asafoetida plant, Ferula assa-foetida, grows in cold and dry conditions and takes around five years for the production of the oleo gum resin in its roots, which is harvested, much like rubber tapping, to obtain the spice. The food also does not get contaminated easily. The cultivation of heeng started in India by its first plantation at Lahaul and Spiti district in Himachal Pradesh, at an altitude of about 11 thousand feet above sea level. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Asafoetida best grows in dry and cold conditions. India which was till now importing the herb will start growing the heeng in the country itself. The Hing is in the form of dried latex gum, which is discharged from the herb called Rhizome or Ferula of several tap roots, the herb named perennial herb grows at the height of 1 to 1.5 m in length. Asafoetida (/ æ s ə ˈ f ɛ t ɪ d ə /; also spelled asafetida) is the dried latex (gum oleoresin) exuded from the rhizome or tap root of several species of Ferula (F. foetida and F. assa-foetida), perennial herbs growing 1 to 1.5 m (3.3 to 4.9 ft) tall. COMMON NAMES OF HING IN OTHER LANGUAGES (National/International): The Hing has come across the land of Iran from European Countries. Dr. This crop is considered to be self fertile and can also propagate through pollination by insects. As it is an aromatic material so the product should not be let loose and possibly packed immediately. The plant itself occurs in sandy, well-drained soils and was initially spotted growing by Western botanists in the Aral Desert, although Asafetida plant cultivation was known to take place as far back as the 12th century. India imports about 1200 tonnes of raw asafoetida annually from Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan. Weekend Farming, Weekend Agriculture Guide. Peucedanum jaeschkeanum,Hing has been used since ancient times as a home remedy for indigestion and other stomach problems. Experiments have been done on farmlands in Tamilnadu to indicate the efficiency of the substance as a pest repellent. The plant prefers cold and dry conditions for its growth and takes approximately five years for the production of oleo-gum resin in its roots, therefore cold desert areas of Indian Himalayan region are suitable for cultivation of asafoetida. It helps us in fighting against indigestion problem by smudging it on the abdomen with water. Another slice of the root is cut to extract more gum resin. In a first, India takes up cultivation of Heeng: What you need to know Asafoetida, or heeng, is an everyday condiment used in an Indian kitchen. © 2020 JournalsOfIndia - A free initiative by Manifest Team. The Hing is added while tempering the cooked food. Benefits: The soil should be well drained as well. This same crop is referred to both as “Food of the gods” and “devil’s dung”. “The plant can withstand a maximum temperature between 35 and 40 degree, whereas during winters, it can survive in temperatures up to minus 4 degree. CSIR-IHBT makes history by introducing asafoetida (Heeng), nstitute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) farmers of the remote Lahaul valley in Himachal Pradesh taking up cultivation of. The Hing is being cultivated and harvested from time immemorial. • The first seedling of asafoetida was planted in Kwaring village of Lahaul valley on October 15, 2020 to mark the initiation of its cultivation in India. The Hing farming is being practiced for centuries. plants in India was a major bottleneck in the cultivation of this crop. It is also used in Kashmir cuisines like lamb/mutton dishes. During extreme weather, the plant can get dormant,” said Kumar. Agri Stimulus. The plants propagate through seeds. The plant can withstand a maximum temperature between 35 and 40 degree, whereas during winters, it can survive in temperatures up to minus 4 degree. Regions for its cultivation. On October 15, the first seedling of asafoetida was … The Hing is being cultivated and harvested from time immemorial. The plant is self-fertile. It can be cultivated only in places where the temperature ranges from 0-35° C. … Asafoetida Cultivation: The tar like gum originates from the dried sap separated from the stem and roots and is utilized as a zest. dears how to extend the ferula seeds cultivations on rain fed and on irrigated lands if anyone have information kindly please add your inputs. This substance hardens when exposed to air and is extracted. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile. Which is the suitable climate for the plant? What is asafoetida and where is it commonly cultivated? Does anyone have recommendations for online seller that sell viable seeds in small amounts. The plant is around six feet in height. As the crops grow into trees in five years time and latex gum material is obtained from the roots and rhizomes of the plants. In Indian Vegetarian cuisine hing plays a critical role as it acts as. Under the vigil of National Beaurau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi, IHBT procured seeds of this … Air tight containers are used to store this strong aromatic substance. This same crop is referred to both as “Food of the gods” and “devil’s dung”. Improved Spring Flower Garden Ideas, and Tips. The Hing is a combination of two to three spices. The Hing is used in pickles for flavor and also as a preservative. The Hing is used along with turmeric; it is used as a standard ingredient in curries, sambar and dal. CSIR-IHBT brought in seeds of asafoetida and developed its agro-technology. As the Hing crop needs abundance of sunlight, it can’t be grown in a shady region. It can also survive in temperatures up to minus 4 degrees. The following content is all about Hing Farming or Growing Asafoetida. During extreme weather, the plant can get dormant. It is in flower in July. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. It grows to 6 or 7 feet high, with a circular mass of 10-15 inch leaves. When an acre of land is irrigated with diluted Asafoetida in the water, it is observed to protect the crops from pests and help in crop growth. The maximum species are farmed by the local native people in the deserts of Iran and mountain region of Afghanistan. For the domestic expedition the hing is taken to the Alexander the great, The person who returned from the north-eastern Persian, he found the plant And then he gave the name and fame to the plant in Silphium of Cyrene of North Africa. India imports about 1200 tonnes of raw asafoetida annually from Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan Lack of planting material of Ferula assa-foetida plants in India was a … The upper part of the root is laid bare and the stem is cut close to the crown. 01. Water-logging can harm the crops. Usually plants of sour to five years old develop very thick and fleshy, carrot shaped roots. It procured six varieties of heeng seeds from Iran through ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBPGR) in 2018. Himalayan towns like Darjeeling, Mussoorie and Kathmandu are going to fast… As it has contraceptive property, it should not be consumed by the pregnant women. Jagdish Reddy. It is a perennial plant whose oleo gum resin is extracted from its thick roots and rhizome. The tar is grayish-white when new, yet dries to a dim orange-yellow shading. However, during extreme weather, the plant can get dormant. Finding a preferable environment for asafoetida cultivation is not easy. Our vision is to orient the readers to grasp the facts objectively and analyse critically. It will help them to utilize vast expanses of wasteland in the cold desert conditions of the region. It is in flower in July. As the seed is exposed to cold and moist climatic conditions, the process of germination starts. New Delhi: Hing or asafoetida is a key part of the cuisine in many parts of India, but so far, it has had to be imported from countries like Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan, because it was never grown locally. Heeng, or Asafoetida, an essential spice in many Indian dishes, was planted for the first time in India on October 18. What is Heeng? The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Buy Hing, Asafoetida - Plant and 6000+ more gardening products online. Get Journals daily newsletter on your inbox. The cultivation has been started in Kwaring village in Lahaul valley of Himachal Pradesh. The Marketing is most important part of Hing farming. We bring the articles in UPSC way for the civil services aspirants and the Wisest Way for general readers. Asafoetida best grows in dry and cold conditions. It can tolerate temperatures between 35 and 40 degrees. The seeds can initially be grown in a greenhouse and then transferred to the soil at the seedling stage. The Hing is cultivated the month of August at a temperature range of 20-30˚C or sometimes even more. Ferula foetida is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). It is necessary to meet certain standards, the most important of which is a favorable temperature. CULTIVATION AND HARVESTING OF HING FARMING: Hing is popularly produced like a gum structure. CSIR- Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT), Palampur was the first institute to introduce asafoetida for cultivation in India. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and … February 7, 2017 Afghani Asafoetida, Asafoetida, Asafoetida Cultivation, Asafoetida plant, Asafoetida Seeds, Spices Leave a comment Language Powered by WordPress.com . In the rush of reaching first to the readers, the websites miss the balanced opinion, which is the need of the hour. In appearance, Asafetida is an … Ferula asafoetida is a herbaceous plant of the umbelliferae family. It can also be used in salads by diluting it in water. A distance of 5 feet between each crop of Hing should be maintained while Hing farming. The soil, which can be picked for the cultivation of the HING FARMING should be a mix of sand, loamy or clay. This marked the initiation of asafoetida cultivation in India. The cultivation is taken place using the vast wasteland in the remote cold dessert conditions of the region where the first seeding was planted on … During extreme weather, the plant can get dormant. The roots are claimed to help the patients fighting against influenza and it also has the property of producing antiviral drugs that can kill the flu viruses easily. For the first time in the country, heeng is being cultivated by scientists at CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource, Palampur (IHBT) in the Indian Himalayas. Regions with sandy soil, very little moisture and annual rainfall of not more than 200mm are considered conducive for heeng cultivation in India; Therefore cold desert areas of Indian Himalayan region are suitable for the cultivation of asafoetida. India imports about 1200 tonnes of raw asafoetida annually from Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan and spends about 100 million USD per year. The Hing is known as the most important ingredient used in cuisines and medical practices but, there is another little known fact about Hing that is also serves as a pest repellent. The Hing can tolerate all pH levels like acidic, neutral and basic soil types. the economically important species used for the production of, is reported from the western Himalaya (Chamba, HP), and, from Kashmir and Ladakh, which are not the species that yield, and takes approximately five years for the production of, resin in its roots, therefore cold desert areas of Indian Himalayan region are suitable for cultivation of, Feeder level solarisation under PM KUSUM scheme, Formation and promotion of 10,000  Farmer Produce Organizations (FPOs), Sahakar Pragya of the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC), International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics(ICRISAT), National Agricultural Higher Education Project, READY (Rural entrepreneurship awareness development yojana), Scheme on Fortification of Rice & its distribution through PDS. As it is a known fact that Hing grow best in deserts, it is evidently clear that the climatic conditions of a desert area are suitable for Hing cultivation. The Hing is widely used in medicines because it is considered to have antibiotic properties. He said Hing is one of the best plant spices to be cultivated in sub Himalayan region of northern part of India specifically from Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and some hilly parts of Bihar states. Heeng, or asafoetida, is one of the key spices used in Indian cuisine to add flavour to various dishes. Asafoetida Cultivation in India – A promising business opportunity! It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. The Hing is scientifically named as “Asafoetida”. CSIR-IHBT makes history by introducing asafoetida (Heeng)(Ferula assa-foetida seed) cultivation in Indian Himalayan region. The seed must be implanted into the soil with the distance of 2 feet between each seed. The HING is also cultivated in places near to India. Crops are watered after testing the soil with a finger for moisture. The first cultivation of the Hing plant was started in the late 12th century. About Asafoetida (Hing): Ferula asafoetida is a herbaceous plant of the Umbelliferae family and it stores most of its nutrients deep inside its fleshy roots. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. On Dec 1, 2020 0Dec 1, 2020 0 It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Using Hing slows-down the growth of microflora in the rectum that in turn can reduce the flatulence. Asafoetida is one of the top condiments and is a high-value spice crop in India. Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. You have entered an incorrect email address! Hing Plant cultivation in the kitchen garden or for commercial purpose can be done using the following specifications.